Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by red, scaly patches of skin caused by rapid skin cell turnover.

WHAT IS Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune condition that primarily affects the skin but can also involve other parts of the body, such as the joints. It is characterized by the rapid buildup of skin cells, resulting in thick, red, scaly patches known as plaques. These plaques can appear anywhere on the body but are most commonly found on the elbows, knees, scalp, and lower back. Psoriasis is thought to occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy skin cells, causing them to reproduce too quickly. While the exact cause of psoriasis is not fully understood, genetic factors, environmental triggers, and immune system dysfunction are believed to play significant roles in its development. Psoriasis can range from mild to severe and may wax and wane over time, with periods of flare-ups followed by periods of remission. In addition to its physical symptoms, psoriasis can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, affecting their emotional well-being, self-esteem, and social interactions. Treatment for psoriasis aims to reduce inflammation, alleviate symptoms, and prevent flare-ups, and may include topical treatments, phototherapy, oral medications, and biologic therapies.


Frequently Asked Questions

Psoriasis is a chronic condition that currently has no cure. However, various treatments can effectively manage symptoms and reduce flare-ups, allowing individuals to lead normal lives with controlled symptoms.
No, psoriasis is not contagious. It is an autoimmune condition caused by genetic and environmental factors, leading to the rapid turnover of skin cells and the development of characteristic plaques.
Psoriasis flare-ups can be triggered by various factors, including stress, infections, certain medications, hormonal changes, weather changes, alcohol consumption, smoking, and injuries to the skin (such as cuts or sunburn).
Psoriasis can manifest in several different forms, including plaque psoriasis (the most common type), guttate psoriasis, inverse psoriasis, pustular psoriasis, and erythrodermic psoriasis. Each type has its own unique characteristics and may require different treatment approaches.
Psoriasis is typically diagnosed based on a physical examination of the skin and a review of the individual’s medical history. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis or rule out other skin conditions that may mimic psoriasis.

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